On most web sites, the navigation system is placed at the top of the page or along the right or left margin of the webpage. When your site is bigger than just a few pages, all or some of navigation components might serve as triggers to open a submenu to other navigational links or as a way to go their respective pages.
If the situation demands it, don’t be afraid to deviate a little from the commonly-accepted navigation concepts, you are used to seeing. Each web development project is like a puzzle and you should carefully put all the pieces together. When all the pieces are in place, your client’s goals are achieved, the contents are properly displayed, the site matches the preferences of the market segment and all considerations have been implemented.
For example, a client who is a photographer and wants to showcase his photo galleries may consider the traditional fly out and drop down navigation wouldn’t be appropriate for the site’s design, because it will obscure the photographs. Additionally, the client may have a strong philosophy on the how a web design should be created. Web design should follow the principles of Japanese aesthetic, which place a priority on the interaction of individual elements as the designer build a unified entity. The basic idea is, to appreciate the beauty of a forest; you should first understand the beauty of each individual leaf. For example, if the photographer specializes on images of people, each webpage should represent an individual. But if the whole site is viewed together, the visitors should have a unified vision on human being as a general. Hopefully, visitors can come up with different view of how they should see people on Earth. A good site should enrich the visitors’ experience instead of becoming the end of the journey.
When designing a navigation system, you should do it cleanly and with simplicity that prioritizes on balance. The navigation bar should only take up just enough room, allowing other elements of the web page to expand and develop. For the footer links, you can mirror the navigation system structure to help visitors to go to other parts of the site without the need to scroll all the way up to the top navigation.